Health News

Last updated: 09:31 BST, 24 May 2022

Health officials in the state said the individuals lived in the same house in Salt Lake County and began experiencing symptoms of the virus after returning from abroad. The pair are now in isolation with a 'mild illness' and are expected to make a full recovery. A total of five confirmed or suspected cases have now been detected across four states, with the other three being Massachusetts, New York and Florida. World Health Organization chiefs warned Monday the virus is likely being spread through sexual contact, linked back to two mass events in Europe. It comes after President Joe Biden (right) sought to reassure Americans over the outbreak saying vaccines and treatments were available. Dr Ashish Jha, the White House Covid response co-ordinator, warned the country to brace for more cases to be spotted in the near future.

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GUY ADAMS: Barney's illness was cruelly timed. He was first diagnosed with brain cancer during the chaotic early weeks of the first Covid lockdown, in March 2020. Tom and Hannah had been trying to do something similar, albeit with two kids, at their home in Surbiton, South-West London. Barney, for his part, was clearly unwell. Previously a healthy and happy baby, who spent his days crawling around the house and crashing into furniture, for several weeks he had been lethargic and clingy. More worryingly, something was wrong with his balance: previously able to clamber up stairs and haul himself upright on furniture, like an ordinary 13-month-old, he seemed to have lost strength in his legs.

European health chiefs have warned monkeypox, could become endemic to the Continent if it spreads from people to pet rodents like rats and mice which can carry the virus.

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Almost half of dentists have reduced their NHS commitments and 75 per cent plan to cut their health service appointments and treatments further, a poll of 2,200 dentists has found.

The number of Covid deaths over the winter was similar to those caused by flu in previous years, official figures have revealed. Deaths caused by the virus rocketed during the first waves of the pandemic before a vaccine was developed and rolled out. This, along with immunity from natural infection, now means the Covid mortality rate has 'fallen more in line' with that of flu or pneumonia during pre-pandemic years. In January this year, there were 4,100 deaths caused primarily by a Covid infection in England and Wales, according to figures from the Office for National Statistics (ONS). That compares with a January average of 4,048 deaths from flu or pneumonia in the four years preceding the onset of the pandemic in March 2020. The trend is similar for the other winter months of December, February and March, the data shows.

Around half of long Covid sufferers say symptoms have lasted for a year or more. In response, private clinics are marketing a range of therapies to tackle long Covid.

Just as plumbers use solder to join metal pipes, scientists can now employ a similar technique called laser tissue soldering to repair wounds.

When 19-year-old Harry Goad went to see his GP last October, he hoped it would be a simple case of obtaining a prescription, perhaps, or getting some reassurance.

DR MARTIN SCURR: It's a good idea for those with a family history of heart disease to take statins. The drugs work by lowering low-density lipoprotein.

Dr MEGAN ROSSI: Vitamin and mineral supplements are big business, whether they're multivitamins, special 'blends' for particular purposes (sleep, for example) or single nutrients. There is no doubt that a few are useful, such as vitamin D, for instance, which the NHS recommends everyone should consider taking in autumn and winter because of our limited exposure to sunlight in those seasons and it's tricky to get enough vitamin D from food. In my clinic there are sometimes cases when I do recommend specific supplements - but this is on a case-by-case basis and the formulations are backed by clinical trials.

A stunned mum-of-two has revealed she had no idea she was pregnant with her second child until moments before she gave birth. Emma Fitzsimmons gave birth to daughter Willow Rose last Tuesday after going to emergency with stomach pains. Doctors found she wasn't sick, but in labor. Emma was shocked and said she had none of the symptoms of her first pregnancy.

Most attempts at a male Pill have involved suppressing levels of the hormone testosterone, which is responsible for stimulating the production of sperm in the testes.

University of Cambridge experts say slashing TV watching to less than an hour could help prevent 11 per cent of coronary heart disease cases, which kill 64,000 Britons a year.

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Researchers, led by academics from the University of Philadelphia, examined data on 609 patients who received local anaesthetic lidocaine alongside other migraine treatments.

NHS list for children and young people being treated, or waiting to start treatment, for mental health problems has hit a record 420,314, 54 per cent higher than pre-Covid.

Leading public health expert and best-selling author Dr Marty Makary told that the CDC committee that signed off on approving Covid boosters for children as young as five is a 'kangaroo court'. He said that the reasoning used - to simplify public health messaging - was not based in science and is not based in any precedent. The FDA's advisory panel, VRBPAC, was once again ignored in the decision making, as many of its members have vocally challenged the agency's decisions. America's daily infection counts have eclipsed the 100,000 mark once again, but deaths continue to fall - down 7% over the past week.

Dr Jennifer McQuiston, from the CDC, revealed the tally at a briefing today. She said most were healthcare workers, although a number were also personal contacts.

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UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) bosses have now logged 57 cases in little over a fortnight. Boris Johnson today claimed it was important for No10 to 'keep an eye' on the situation.

More than 2,000 Americans - with half being women - were questioned by U.S. experts on how they felt after sleep over a week. Women were less likely to feel well-rested.

More than 90% of women of pregnancy-age are not getting enough choline, an expert warns. The nutrient is key for brain development in utero and during the first three years of a child's life

In a rallying cry urging nations to act now, a senior World Health Organization (WHO) executive called the situation 'containable'. Dr Maria Van Kerkhove (pictured), the WHO's emerging diseases lead, said: 'We want to stop human-to-human transmission. We can do this in the non-endemic countries.'

Speaking in London today, the Prime Minister said: 'So far the consequences don't seem to be very serious but it's important that we keep an eye on it.'

The United States is preparing to give monkeypox vaccines to close contacts of people infected and to deploy treatments, with five cases now either confirmed...

The test has been championed by television presenter Julia Bradbury, left, who was diagnosed with breast cancer aged 51, and has been welcomed as 'promising' new research by Health Secretary Sajid Javid. It could be particularly valuable to identify under-50s at higher genetic risk of breast cancer, who can't currently get mammograms on the NHS. A major study on the saliva test looked at almost 2,500 women's risk of developing breast cancer. Among these women, who were followed up for an average of almost ten years, 644 got breast cancer. The test, used alongside the standard medical and life history information, and a measure of women's breast density, accurately predicted a higher risk of breast cancer in just under 50 per cent of those who got it.

It is claimed that coroners were not given key evidence and that senior managers at the service edited witness statements that had been requested, making it look like no mistakes had been made.

An Australian dentist who developed an Irish accent after tonsil surgery despite never having visited the country before has documented her vocal transformation a year later.  Brisbane professional Angie Yen, 29, who was born in Taiwan but moved to Australian when she was eight, didn't know what to think about her new twang following an operation on her tonsils in April 2021. Ms Yen has never been to the European nation, and has no Irish heritage.

The new technique, pioneered by doctors at University Hospital Southampton, will be offered to patients with eosinophilic oesophagitis, a condition that inflames the throat.

DR ELLIE CANNON: Today's reader has suffered tremors since they were a child. Now, aged 77, they fear they may be facing a far more deadly condition.

HEALTH NOTES: Researchers from Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Foundation Trust, used seven years worth of anonymised health records to develop the program.

Asthma affects eight million Britons, or 12 per cent of the population, and sufferers can experience serious breathing difficulties when it causes their airways to become inflamed.

Scientists are trialling a potentially ground-breaking vaccine that they hope will protect people from developing pancreatic cancer. A team at Johns Hopkins University (JHU) in the US has just given the preventative jab to their first volunteer, a woman with a family history of the disease. They want to equip her body with the tools to identify rogue cells that could become cancerous, enabling her immune system to launch pre-emptive 'search and destroy' missions that will continually nip the problem in the bud.

Jean Jefferson and her husband Colin, main pictured, from Yorkshire had been planning holidays to the Algarve in his 60s when he suffered a devastating stroke which left him unable to feed, clean or wash himself. Instead her daily routine is an endless slog of hauling her 'heavy-set' husband into and out of his wheelchair, emptying bed pans and cleaning soiled sheets. Rosemary Westwell, 64, inset left, spent 15 years fighting for justice for her husband John, pictured on their wedding day, who suffered a rare form of dementia aged 34.

The new research, published in the journal Heart, followed 2,650 patients with aortic stenosis. The condition is caused by a build-up of calcium on the heart's valves.

Each patient who uses the app costs the health service £120. But the experts behind it say it may help to reduce the number of cancelled surgeries as a patient was too unfit to proceed.

Dr Wilson Tsai was diagnosed with Tourette's when he was in medical school, despite that, he has become a heart and lung surgeon based in the United States (picture posed by model)

Dr Amesh Adalja, from John Hopkins University, said patients were infectious for as long as they had symptoms including skin lesions. Virus can be passed on by touch or via the air. Fears are growing that America will detect more cases of monkeypox as health chiefs probe at least seven possible infections including one in New York City. One case has been confirmed in Massachusetts so far, but experts warn more will crop up in other states.

The FDA has given the greenlight to the IV version of TPOXX, a smallpox drug that can be used to treat monkeypox. Many smallpox drugs are used to treat the rare virus as there are no therapeutics.

The UK's case count today doubled to 20 but the majority of them are not linked which suggests more are going undetected.

Dr Rochelle Walensky, who heads up the CDC, called on older Americans to get their second booster jabs last night. But many experts have suggested there is no evidence the shots are needed. Second boosters were approved for older adults at the end of March but, to date, only a quarter have received the additional shot. The CDC is now doubling down on efforts to get more people jabbed for a fourth time. They are concerned about waning levels of immunity in the population, with tests showing Covid-fighting antibody levels decline after vaccination. However, they have not concerned other facets of immunity - including B and T-cells - which normally last for much longer. When the jabs were first approved Dr Mark Marty, a medical expert at John Hopkins University, warned agencies had 'simply ignored' its own experts that disagreed with the decision.

Dancing can reduce a person's levels of anxiety, along with providing other clinical benefits. A study from last year found that dancing can even help reduce symptoms of schizophrenia.

Only a small number of cases of Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 have been identified so far, but analysis of the available data suggests they are likely to have a 'growth advantage' over BA.2.

The country has now detected 30 cases of the tropical virus - more than anywhere else in the world, including Britain. Almost all have occurred in Madrid, in young gay and bisexual men. Authorities tasked with tracing the cases in the Spanish capital say they have now uncovered a common theme among the infected - they all attended the same unnamed sauna. The word sauna is used in Spain to describe establishments popular with gay men looking for sex, as opposed to just a bathhouse. UK health chiefs are also probing saunas and bars, as they desperately try to contain monkeypox. Officials say a disproportionate number of its cases are in gay and bisexual men. World Health Organization (WHO) bosses convened an emergency meeting to discuss monkeypox's threat today, with the Netherlands becoming the twelfth country to declare cases. Although, none of its ill patients have yet to be definitively diagnosed. WHO's European chief has admitted he is concerned that the spread of monkeypox will only accelerate over the summer months. He also warned that it was likely transmission had been 'ongoing for some time'.

The Office for National Statistics ( ONS ) estimates just over one million, or one in 55 people, had the virus on any day in the week to May 13. This is down week-on-week from 1.2 million, or one in 45. Similar falls were recorded in the other UK nations, with just one in 45 people in Scotland, one in 40 in Wales and one in 60 in Northern Ireland estimated to have the virus. This is now the sixth week in a row that the ONS's weekly survey — now the best barometre of the outbreak — has reported a week-on-week fall in cases, despite no Covid restrictions being in place. The Government is relying on the study, based on swabs of 120,000 random people, to track the virus now that free testing has been axed for the vast majority of Britons.

The panelists, reported to include one of the WHO's most senior Covid advisers Dr Mike Ryan, will deliberate how monkeypox vaccines should be dished out to control spiralling cases.

EXCLUSIVE: A controversial drag story time for children hosted by the Royal College of Nursing in London will still go ahead despite outrage and the union erasing all mention of the event.

Amanda Pritchard (pictured), chief executive of NHS England, yesterday told trusts to allow visitors to boost patients' 'experience, mental health and recovery'. In a letter sent to hospital bosses, she said all healthcare settings 'should now begin transitioning back towards their own pre-pandemic (or better) policies on inpatient visiting'.


Around 800,000 people in England struggling to sleep, who would usually be offered pills such as zolpidem and zopiclone, are set to be recommended Sleepio.

EXCLUSIVE: Health experts have said NHS removal of the words 'women', 'woman' and 'female' from webpages like that for ovarian cancer risks the target audience missing health information.

Health chiefs in the UK are 'actively investigating' venues visited by six homosexual and bisexual men who tested positive in the past week. They include bars, clubs and saunas, according to an update by the World Health Organization (WHO). Six of Britain's nine confirmed cases are men who have sex with men, which officials say is 'highly suggestive of spread in sexual networks'. A similar pattern has emerged in Europe, where seven gay or bisexual men tested positive in Spain and nine 'mostly young' males in Portugal. The UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA) has issued a direct plea to men to be vigilant for new rashes on their face or genitals.

Cases of the monkeypox have now been confirmed in seven countries outside of Africa - with the United States, Italy and Sweden all being the latest to join the dubious group - while one expert warns that case figures will likely increase in the near-future.

The UK has recorded seven cases but the majority of them are not linked which suggests more are going undetected. Spain and Portugal have also spotted the virus for the first time.

New York City Mayor Eric Adams said that he will not reinstate the city's mask mandate. Earlier this week, health officials move the city's Covid risk level up to 'high', and recommended all residents two years or older where masks in public places. The city is already one of the few in America that requires masks on transit and in places like airports and train stations. Deaths in the city have lingered in the single digits for two months now, and hospitalizations caused by Covid decreased as of the last data report.

Pollster OnePoll quizzed 2,000 American pet owners and found seven in ten felt sharing a bed with their favorite animal helped them sleep at night. Half said it reduced stress and anxiety.

Dr Tassos Grammatikopoulos, a consultant at King's College Hospital in London who has treated some of the affected children, said the UK 'seems to be passed the peak' of the outbreak. He said cases appeared to spike a few weeks ago and are now trending downwards. However, he noted some new cases are still being spotted.

Health chiefs called for around 25million care home residents and staff, frontline NHS workers and younger vulnerable adults to also be offered top-ups.

The British Medical Association has now urged ministers to 'seriously' consider the benefits of a hybrid-working model. Its call stemmed from a review into how No10 handled the pandemic.

Researchers at the University of Essex analysed food diaries filled out by over 200 Britons. They then tracked how much energy they actually burned, in order to find any disparity. Results revealed everyone, regardless of their weight, misreported the amount they ate - omitting an average of 900 calories worth of food per day. This is also the equivalent of five pints of lager or seven packs of ready salted crisps. While obese people technically omitted more calories each day than thinner people, they made up for it by burning more energy from moving their heavier bodies while doing day-to-day tasks.

Experts have warned that if current trends continue, there will be an extra six million obese people by 2040 with a 'tipping point' reached in just a few years.

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EXCLUSIVE: Nine Britons have been diagnosed with the contagious disease so far (shown right) and the majority of cases are not linked, suggesting it is spreading more widely. Britain's drug watchdog told MailOnline it was monitoring the outbreak and 'working with companies to speedily bring forward suitable treatments for monkeypox'. Health chiefs also revealed to MailOnline they have bought thousands of vaccine doses which are already being deployed to close contacts of infected Britons. Antiviral drugs and jabs (including Imvanex, shown left) designed to target smallpox have cross-over protection against monkeypox, with the two viruses genetically very similar.

The Italian patient tested positive at a hospital in Rome after returning from the Canary Islands and the Swede was diagnosed in Stockholm.

Nearly one in three Americans believe that the COVID-19 pandemic is over, an Axios/Ipsos survey finds, as the march towards normal life continues. Republicans are most likely to believe the pandemic is a relic of the past, with 70 percent reporting that it is over. More than 60% of Americans report that they have either eaten out, visited a friend and gone shopping at a retail store over the past week as well. The survey comes as cases have jumped 20% over the past week in the U.S., though deaths have cratered 34% over that same period.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) now recommends Americans that are traveling within the U.S. to get tested for Covid in the days leading up to their trip - no matter their vaccine status.

Campaigners and charities accused the companies of 'shameless pandemic profiteering', and said it was 'appalling' that a small number of companies had made 'obscene amounts of money'.

Jaiden Ashlea, 23, found out little Levi James had spina bifida - where part of the spinal cord is protruding from the back - at week 18 of her pregnancy. She was originally told to terminate the pregnancy, before finding a hospital in Orlando, Florida, that agreed to operate. At week 24 she underwent the six-hour operation where doctors cut a C-section in her and then made a five to 10cm incision in the uterus to reach and operate on the fetus. Dr Samer Elbabaa, the head of fetal surgery at the hospital, told this would not cure the baby's spina bifida. But he added it would raise the chances of the child walking normally and reduce the risk of any brain damage.

Pediatric gastroenterologist Mark Corkins, 60, (main) treated two Memphis children at Le Bonheur Children's Hospital after their parents couldn't find formula.

Americans can avoid contracting Lyme disease, if they take a few simple steps. The steps include regular tick checks, wearing long sleeves in areas of high exposure and using bug spray.

There were 98 cases of a foreign object - including scalpels and drill bits - left inside patients after procedures in England from April 2021 to March 2022. Vaginal swabs were left in patients 32 times and surgical swabs went undetected 21 times. Some of the other objects included part of a pair of wire cutters, part of a scalpel blade and the bolt from surgical forceps. The data showed our trusts saw four patients each finish surgery with a foreign object left in them - the most for an individual healthcare provider. They were: Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, University Hospitals of North Midlands NHS Trust. Top right: Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham. Bottom right: Royal Liverpool University Hospital, run by Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.

University of East Anglia researchers found eating 100g of antioxidant-rich cranberries daily significantly improves recall and brain preservation.

Researchers at Ruhr University Bochum in Germany said this could be down to women finding hugs 'significantly more pleasant' than men.

National University of Ireland Galway researchers found people around the age of 55 are most likely to develop dementia if they have diabetes and high blood pressure.

Shona Dunn, a Department of Health official, today told MPs in London that Randox did not benefit from its association with Mr Paterson.

EXCLUSIVE: Professor Sir Jonathan Van-Tam (left) missed his knighthood yesterday because he was infected with Covid, MailOnline can reveal. England's former deputy chief medical officer had to pull out the ceremony yesterday after testing positive 'early last week'. JVT was due to meet Prince William at Windsor Castle for the investiture, along with Olympic cyclists Dame Laura and Sir Jason Kenny (right), who were able to attend the event.

Some 48 per cent of the 48,436 people who joined the nursing and midwifery workforce came from abroad, with the vast majority hailing from India and the Philippines.

Dr Liz Bishop, who sits on NHS England's cancer board, said she 'does not think' 85 per cent of cancer patients will start their treatment within two months by next spring.

Natasha Ednan-Laperouse (left), 15, died in 2016 after she suffered a severe allergic reaction to sesame in a Pret baguette. Her parents Tanya and Nadim Ednan-Laperouse (right, on ITV's Good Morning Britain today) have launched a new trial to investigate whether commonly available peanut and milk products, taken under medical supervision, can be used as a treatment for people with food allergies.

Experts warned there is no evidence that diets work in the long term and an obsession with them is fuelling Britain's obesity epidemic.

Some said they felt the subject was still taboo to many people. The research also found that 39 per cent of younger women are 'dreading' the menopause.

A care worker from Peterlee County Durham was left briefly unable to breathe after swallowing a Covid test swab. Medics eventually needed to perform surgery to remove the six-inch object. Bobby Lee, 31, said she briefly feared for her life after accidently swallowing the test swab last month. Ms Lee is just one of hundreds of Britons who have reported being hurt while using routine Covid tests, as MailOnline revealed in April. The mother-of-two was home alone with her youngest child in Peterlee County Durham when she decided to test as she was feeling unwell after working a night-shift. However, upon putting the swab in her mouth, it 'twanged back' and got stuck. Unsure of what to do Ms Lee then tried to swallow the swab, but it became lodged part-way down her throat. She then raced to her local A&E where doctors said they had never seen a similar case before. Ms Lee was then transferred to a nearby hospital where she underwent emergency surgery. Surgeons managed to extract the swab using a thin flexible camera to find it and specialised tools to pull the object out back through Ms Lee's mouth.

Opportunities to diagnose people with dementia have been lost by doctors removing face-to-face appointments, an NHS leader has warned.

Air, chemical and water pollution accounted for the fatalities, which accounted for one in six deaths worldwide, the Lancet Commission on Pollution and Health found.

Only a fraction of sunscreens available in the U.S. actually meet skin protection and environmental standards set by the EWG. Carla Burns, an expert at the EWG, said that the products were created with protection from sunburns in mind, not from skin aging or melanoma. She says products that contain zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as an active ingredient are best, and to avoid oxybenzone. Consumers should also aim for a product between 15 and 50 SPF. Other safety measure people should take when they are out in the sun is to limit exposure and to wear a hat.

It brings the total number of free tests made available to each home so far to 16, since the program began earlier in the year. President Joe Biden has promised to ship a billion tests.

Officials green-lighted the shots for the age group, saying they would give them 'continued protection against Covid'. They are available from five months after the second jab.

Telephone surveys of more than 400,000 people nationwide showed the Magnolia state had the highest rates of obesity followed by West Virginia and its neighbor Alabama. At the other end of the scale people in Colorado, Massachusetts and Hawaii were least likely to be obese - with less than a quarter of adults falling into the category. Experts blamed poor diets, less access to public spaces for exercise and little health insurance coverage in some areas for the obesity crisis - particularly in Mississippi.

The United States eclipsed the grim milestone of  one million COVID-19 deaths last week, the first country to reach the mark, and a new study finds that a large portion of these deaths could have been prevented by the vaccines.

New York City has transitioned into a 'high' Covid alert level as both hospitalizations and cases have risen in recent weeks. Covid cases have reached 4,000 per day, a 50% jump.

MailOnline found a thriving black market of gender change drugs on the online marketplace. The pills are marketed using voluptuous women or musclebound men (pictured left and right) with sellers of the most popular products located in London, Bristol and Newcastle. Most of the items seen by MailOnline made dubious health claims, which doctors warned were designed to prey on desperate patients with gender dysphoria. One aimed at trans women said just one daily pill could help them 'grow boobs', develop a 'pert and feminine bottom' and make their voice 'higher and ladylike'. Another marketed at trans men claimed to be able to 'grow facial hair', 'increase strength and muscle mass' and 'shrink breasts'.

Mr Hancock said he was worried the then-US president and his 'America first' policy could see the Oxford/ AstraZeneca vaccine blocked from leaving the country.

'Bees are useful models of how much intelligence you can squeeze into a small brain,' says Lars Chittka, a professor of sensory and behavioural ecology from Queen Mary University of London.

EXCLUSIVE: MailOnline found practices advertising Kenalog steroid injections on Instagram for between £35 and £100. The powerful drug works by suppressing the immune system and dampening the allergic reaction hay fever sufferers experience. Its effects can last months. But it was phased out of NHS use a decade ago after the safety watchdog decided the risks outweighed the benefits. It was found to leave people vulnerable to other infections like chicken pox, shingles or the flu, and potentially cause irregular heartbeats, depression and high blood pressure. While people can still legally get the Kenalog privately, clinics are forbidden from promoting prescription-only medications.

Sajid Javid told a conference in London that his plan will look at why people fall ill, with figures suggesting up to four in 10 cases are potentially preventable.

A report by the thinktank Civitas found that overall NHS dependency on Chinese supply chains has trebled since 2019, with the UK now sending £6.2billion a year to Beijing for medical gear.

All four of the new patients are gay or bisexual men from London with no apparent travel links to Africa, where the virus is endemic. Two are known to each other but have no connection to any of the previous cases, in a sign the virus is spreading in the community. Dr Susan Hopkins, chief medical adviser at the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA), said: 'This is rare and unusual. 'UKHSA is rapidly investigating the source of these infections because the evidence suggests that there may be transmission of the monkeypox virus in the community, spread by close contact. 'We are particularly urging men who are gay and bisexual to be aware of any unusual rashes or lesions and to contact a sexual health service without delay.'

At least one practice in West London had started implementing tougher infection control measures on Monday, as the total number of British cases of monkeypox rose to seven.

Mr King, 36, who starred on The Only Way is Essex until 2013, told MPs in London today how he 'felt pressure to look a certain way' based on reaction to his social media posts.

Dr MEGAN ROSSI: You're told to 'go with your gut'. You might say you feel 'sick to your stomach'. Excitement can manifest as 'butterflies in your tummy'. These age-old sayings stem from a truth since proven by science - that our gut, and the diverse micro-organisms within it (known as our 'gut microbiota') hold sway over almost every aspect of our health. From our skin health to our mental wellbeing, cancer risk to our experience of menopause, the gut seemingly has a role to play in it all. As a dietitian and gut health researcher at King's College London and in my own clinic, gut health is my bread and butter - and in this new weekly column I'll be sharing the fascinating things I've learnt, with plenty of practical tips, as well as answering your questions, based on the most cutting-edge science.

Hina Shah was put on statins and blood-thinning medication. This - along with two stents implanted to open up her arteries - are doing the trick, and Hina, now 50, has not had another heart attack.

The latest innovations in sportswear claim to work us harder and even reduce injuries. Lucy Benyon asked experts to test and assess some new products. We then rated them.

A young model who spent her teenage years sunbaking with tanning oil only to end up with a deadly melanoma has shared the scar that's left behind from her major surgery to remove it. When Oceana Strachan, who lives in Wollongong on the NSW south coast, first noticed a small bump on her right shin in late 2019, she brushed it off as a pimple or hair follicle. The bump wasn't coloured and it didn't look like a regular mole. She got it checked by a doctor who assured her it was nothing to worry about. Then Covid-19 and the subsequent lockdowns hit, and Ms Strachan wasn't able to get another skin check for months. By March 2021 the 26-year-old told Daily Mail Australia that she noticed the mole was getting darker and after pushing a different doctor to perform a biopsy, her worst fears came true.

Patients who have had knee replacement surgery but still have pain are being given the minimally invasive, non-surgical treatment in a new clinical trial in the U.S.

A team of scientists, led by Professor Barbara Pierscionek at Anglia Ruskin University in London, tested a compound proposed as an anti-cataract drug on mice.

A memory is not a passing emotion or idea: it's a physical thing, formed of connections called synapses that form between the nerve cells - or neurons - in your brain.

 More than 325,000 people in England are living with dementia but have not been diagnosed, according to a study. Diagnosis rates have fallen below the Government's target.

A YouGov poll of 2,000 people in the UK shows 55 per cent reported that their health has suffered in recent months. The figure equates to 36.9million Britons.

DR MARTIN SCURR: Burning sensations affecting the feet are typically due to nerve damage in the legs, known as peripheral neuropathy.

James was born a healthy 8 lb 8 oz on February 23, 2016, and showed no signs of ill-health. 'Everyone commented what a bonny baby he was,' says Susie. Yet two months later, Susie learned that those cuddles had caused irreparable damage to her son's tiny body. James had a rare genetic condition, severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). He was, effectively, born without an immune system, making the mildest cold potentially fatal. If diagnosed at birth, children with SCID can be kept in isolation until they are ready for a bone marrow transplant, which gives them a new, healthy immune system. With this treatment, 90 per cent of so-called 'bubble babies' will have a normal, healthy life, says Bobby Gaspar, an honorary professor in paediatric immunology at University College London.

NHS-funded in vitro fertilisation (IVF) fell by 35 per cent across the UK in 2020 and is yet to return to pre-pandemic levels, a Human Fertilisation & Embryology Authority (HFEA) report shows.

New results, from a University of Helsinki study, show canines can spot up to 97 per cent of cases and are 99 per cent accurate when confirming who is virus-free.

Analysis by the Policy Exchange thinktank showed there were 14,515 officials working in NHS England the Department of Health in February - up from 7,883 in 2020.

The handover delay - technically the longest logged in the past year - illustrates the crisis facing the health service in England.

State data shows of the 670 patients marked as being infected with the virus on Friday, just over two in five were admitted because of the disease - with the rest coming in for another condition such as a broken leg, but were later found to be infected. It suggests the majority of Covid patients are no longer people primarily ill with the disease. But experts warned that the cases were still putting strain on the hospital system. It comes as the U.S. faces a surge in cases nationally with one in five states seeing infections double over the past two weeks. But despite the rise fatalities from the disease fell last week, with about 374 now being recorded every day on average - similar to last summer.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is set to approve COVID-19 vaccine booster shots for children as young as five years old as early as Tuesday, the New York Times reports.

Jaelyn Kinchelow, 24, from Indiana, was rushed to hospital for surgery in 2012. But a decade later she started struggling to walk up the stairs - leading doctors to put her on the transplant list.

Stuart Woodmansey, from Market Weighton in Yorkshire, claims he hasn't been able to get an appointment 'for years'. Meanwhile, his Brazilian-born wife Kedma, who moved to Britain in 2017, can't even register herself or their son Jacob with a local NHS dentist. It means they have no option but to combine trips to see Mrs Woodmansey's family in Sao Paulo with check-ups. Security consultant Mr Woodmansey said it works out 'much cheaper' than paying privately, despite flights costing up to £700. It comes amid an NHS dentistry crisis which has left desperate patients resorting to 'DIY' procedures.

Up to 4.7 million visits to hospital accident and emergency units in the past year may have been due to people being unable to see their GP, an official study suggests.

Almost half the participants in the poll - conducted by the medical negligence lawyers Fletchers Solicitors - said the main reason for keeping quiet was they did not think it was important.

Married couples vow to battle all of life's tribulations together, and in their 40 years of marriage, Diane and Paul Boothby (pictured left last year and right, on their wedding day in 1978) were no exception. But after successfully raising two children and four grandchildren, the pair have just overcome their biggest challenge yet - they've both beat cancer. Mrs Boothby, 63, was diagnosed with ovarian cancer just five months after her husband, 69, was told he had bowel cancer. 'I went from caring for someone with cancer to being someone with cancer - and Paul went from being someone with cancer to caring for someone with cancer,' she said. 'You have to push how you're feeling to get diagnosed - if I'd left it and left it, who knows what could have happened.'

The lingering effects of the pandemic mean a fifth of those working from home exercise less while a third are eating more, according to research.

The pair live together in the same household and are not linked to the previous confirmed case in England which was announced on May 7, the UKHSA said.

An Australian fitness star who had five babies in less than six years has shared how she got back in shape after just nine weeks. Chontel Duncan, from Brisbane, dropped three kilograms and lost 3.9kg of body mass by taking part in high intensity interval training (HIIT) classes four times a week. But during the two-month transformation, the 32-year-old mum suffered from Covid, a broken foot and sleep deprivation.

EXCLUSIVE: Research commissioned by the Daily Mail reveals a one-month supply of Oestrogel, which many women are desperate to get their hands on, is available on internet sites.

DR ELLIE: Rather than continue with a treatment that's not working, it may be worth considering HRT patches rather than tablets, or lower doses, both of which might not have the same risks.

Health Secretary Sajid Javid said the charges - which normally rise in line with inflation - will be held this year to 'put money back in people's pockets'.

England will ditch Covid measures which saw the annual flu jab given free to those aged 50-64 and secondary school children aged 11 to 15. Scotland and Wales will still offer a free jab to these groups.

They look like high-tech smart speakers or designer coffee tables and come with grand claims they can purge rooms of harmful pollutants, allergens, bacteria, fungal spores and even the Covid virus. Air purifiers - which suck in a room's air and filter it before pumping it back out - are must-haves for health-conscious consumers, it seems. A survey from the Government's Office for Product Safety and Standards found one in 12 Britons owned one. Many said they made the purchase - often costing hundreds of pounds - due to concerns about air pollution and, of course, Covid. So it's not hard to see the appeal.

Wes Streeting has revealed the agony of going through cancer treatment alone as he urged all hospitals to end the 'postcode lottery' that bans family members from visiting patients.

The reaction, a cell death known as pyroptosis which is linked to inflammation, is thought to occur in roughly eight out of ten patients hospitalised with Covid.

Inquiry chairwoman Baroness Hallett concluded the issue should be included as a result of the 'overwhelming weight of opinion'.

Probe chairwoman Baroness Heather Hallett wrote to the PM outlining the key areas under scrutiny - including pandemic preparedness, lockdowns, testing, PPE and care homes.

Millions struck by a disease that leaves them with an almost useless 'claw hand' could soon benefit from a drug that halts the condition before it can do any damage. It also means many could avoid risky surgery - which can damage sensitive nerves and tear tendons in the hand. The drug, adalimumab, is a powerful anti-inflammatory already widely used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and given as an injection every three months. British medics trialling its use for hand deformity say they were amazed at the drug's effectiveness. Professor Jagdeep Nanchahal, an expert in hand surgery at Oxford University's Kennedy Institute, where adalimumab is being tested, said: 'My eyes popped out of my head when I saw the results. I thought, this is incredible.' Claw hand, properly called Dupuytren's disease, affects around five million Britons. It causes lumps of scar tissue to develop on the palms of the hands. The exact cause is a mystery but 80 per cent of cases are thought to be hereditary, and it usually affects those over 50. Famously, Conservative Prime Minister Baroness Thatcher (left) suffered from it, as does actor Bill Nighy (right).

The East Genomics Laboratory Hub, in the grounds of Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, is one of seven new NHS facilities dotted across England that represent the beating heart of a new battle against one of medicine's most stubborn opponents: cancer. The highly trained scientists here are hunting for hidden clues in the DNA of tumours: tiny mutations in the cells that provide crucial information about what is driving the disease in each individual patient. These mutations can then be matched to a new generation of precision drugs that target specific genetic quirks. This ground-breaking technique, known as genomic testing, is proving game-changing for patients, experts say. At just two years old, Aubrey Line (left, and right, with her family) is one of the youngest people in Britain to benefit from genomics testing. The toddler, from Wootton, Bedfordshire, was 16 months old when scans revealed a tumour had wrapped itself around the heart and aorta - a major artery. Doctors at Addenbrooke's judged it was too dangerous to operate, but were able to carry out whole genomic sequencing in order to find out exactly what sort of cancer it was. (Pictured inset: Linda Beattie, 73, from Guernsey, who was diagnosed with lung cancer in March.)

Campaigners have warned that thousands entitled to help from the Continuing Healthcare fund, which covers the costs of long-term social care, are being turned down by Clinical Commissioning Groups.

DR MICHAEL MOSLEY: Unlike in women, there's no dramatic period in a man's life when his testosterone levels fall off the cliff; it's more like a slow descent.

EXCLUSIVE: Scientists are puzzled by the cause, but leading theories suggest a type of adenovirus spread by touching feces-contaminated surfaces is behind the illness. Dr Matthew Binnicker, the director of clinical virologist at the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, told cases will continue to crop up throughout the year as its transmission is 'not seasonal'. He warned schools and day care centers - where many children mix - were major hubs for spreading the virus. Dr Binnicker also warned many hepatitis cases among children remain undiagnosed in the U.S. because, in some cases, children will not have been unwell enough for their parents to take them to a doctor or hospital. The majority of children with the mysterious hepatitis in the U.S. have tested positive for adenovirus, but it is not clear whether the virus itself is causing the illness or the infection alongside another factor such as a previous Covid diagnosis.

Researchers at Cincinnati University, Ohio, tracked 33 adults who had mild memory decline. Half were given blueberries every day for three months, and found they had significant improvements in memory.